Fiber and Fiber Products Fibers are strands of cells that are characterized by an elongate shape and a thickened secondary cell wall composed of cellulose and hemicellulose. The plants are cultivated Hemp is a bast fiber, the outside potion you see separating from the inner wood core. * Some linens are washable, while others are dry clean only. This question is part of 20000+ General Studies MCQ Series Course on GKToday Android app. Image processing techniques have been applied to the fiber detection and improve the automation and recognition efficiency of the detection. Since the valuable fibers are located in the phloem, they must often be separated from the xylem material (“woody core”), and sometimes also from epidermis. Bamboo textile is any cloth, yarn or clothing made from bamboo fibres. Flax Fiber - Like jute fibre it is also a bast fiber. Over the past year, Fibershed’s Lead Process Engineer Nicholas Wenner has been connecting with bast fiber growers, researchers, processors, and artisans to better understand the state of soil to soil systems for these unique plants. Jute is a versatile bast fiber with a long, soft and shiny appearance which is usually yellowish in color which gives it the name of the “golden fiber”. Traditional cotton and bast fiber detection using artificial methods. Thus, a cellulosic fiber can be either unicellular like wood and cotton, or multicellular like jute, hemp, flax, and kenaf (Sur 2005). Image segmentation is the basic one of the steps for fiber identification. When comfort is most important. The bacteria help to get rid of the soft tissues from the fiber plant. With this technology, raw hemp or flax bast material can be processed into cotton-like, soft fibers, entirely surpassing the properties of traditionally-processed coarse hemp or flax. It has various uses … 29. a long staple variety of cotton. The use of linen in Egypt between 3000and 2500B.C. Microbes are used in the retting process to get bast fibers. It is naturally smooth and straight. Bast fibers are plant-based natural fibers, which are cellulosic fibers found in the phloem of the stalk of bast fiber crops like industrial hemp.. Hemp is annual crop with a growth cycle of as little as 90-100 days. Hemp, Ramie & Jute are similar to Linen but the plants are processed slightly differently. It is used in the textile industry, to make high quality papers, surgical threads etc. In addition to bast fiber, milkweed produces a cotton-like fiber from its seeds known as floss. the ultimate cell, which may be reduced upon storing or processing. As mentioned in the introduction, the modified Herzog test can be used to distinguish bast fibres from other textile fibres, such as the seed‐fibre cotton. Answer: [D] Cotton Notes: Please note that Bast Fibers are obtained from Phloem. has been verified. In linen’s case, that’s the flax plant. A bast fiber comes from a plant and is usually inside the inner bark of the stems. While milkweed floss is too smooth to spin easily and does not form strong yarns on its own, the fiber is hollow and has been used commercially as a fill and insulation material for decades. which of the fibers below is a bast fiber? These fibers are also 2-3times stronger than cotton fibers. When do we choose cotton fabrics for apparel? It's a cellulose fiber, similar to cotton, so it doesn't have any elasticity or memory like most animal (protein) fibers. Dead at maturity, fiber cells possess tapered, overlapping ends that form long, multicellular fibers. Cotton and flax are available as filament fiber. It derives from the stalk or stem of Linum suitatssimum. The regenerated cotton and bast fibers are cleaned and blended, then carded to align the fibers into strands. The plants are cultivated and grown in such a way as to produce long, thin stems. In North America they are cultivated primarily for seeds for use in the beauty, food, and health industries. Flax is the bast fiber of the flax plant, used to make linen fabric.