For heavy or clay soils, the vigor of the mango trees is somewhat reduced and you can go with row spacing of 8m to 9m along with tree spacing of 4m to 5m. Packaging Mangoes: The mangoes are usually packed in fiber board (corrugated) boxes that measure roughly 40cm by 30cm. Mango cultivation can be revolutionized by the adoption of ultra high density planting system. This will allow you to procure high quality grafted mango seedlings. Ploughing the area once or twice is suggested followed by two to three harrowings to pulverize and expose the soil completely. Due to the high demand for high quality mango fruits, we have written a comprehensive mango planting guide that details the processes that you need to follow when planting grafted mango seedlings as well as the various on-farm management measures that you should incorporate in order to get a good harvest. endobj Usually, the timing for planting mango seeds vary although it depends on the amount of rainfall the particular area receives. The productivity of mango in lndia is stagnated around6toTTons/ha. In the conventional Accommodation of the maximum possible planting technique of mango cultivation, it number of the plants per unit area to get is very diflicult to maintain uniformity, the maximum possible profit per unit of but the adoption of new technology called the tree volume without impairing the soil "Ultra-High Density Mango or Meadow fertility status is called the high-density Drcharding" planting … Because of the open canopy shape Keitt fruit is particularly prone to sunburn. This will reduce the risk of the plants getting sunburned when they are transplanted to the farm. But, this number differs in ultra-high density mango tree plantation where the distance between mango … Ultra High Density Plantation in Mango - Duration: 13:37. Economically, mangoes are a very high value fruit tree. The mango fruit can be used in all the stages of its development, whether it is in its mature and immature taste. Salient Feature. It is important to choose high quality planting materials so as to ensure high yields in your mango trees. Its fruit is large in size, oblong elliptical in shape and cadmium yellow in colour. Trees are dwarf, low spreading and suitable for high density planting (400 trees/ha as against the recommended 100 tress/ha). An important approach for improving productivity; high economic returns per unit area System permits maximum utilization of land, water, nutrients and solar energy Conventionally, mango is planted at 10 x 10m (100 trees/hectare); high density planting (HDP) can accommodate 400 trees per hectare (5 x 5m) High density orcharding in mango : An important approach for improving productivity; high economic returns per unit area . Planting high density hedge rows is generally successful in hotter climates and leads to higher yields. An apple multi-planting offers the same advantage as the stone fruits – four or more varieties in the space of one, but later in the growing season – summer to fall. The mulch not only provides fertile organic matter for the mango trees but it is also useful for moisture preservation. Post harvest handling of mangoes involves steps such as the preparation, grading, washing, drying, waxing the mangoes, packing, pre-cooling the mangoes, palletisation and finally, the transportation of the mango fruits to the market. Don’t use fresh manure! This planting technique also helps to save on water for irrigation. The holes where you are planning to plant your mango trees should also be dug up at the onset of the dry season to allow for the water to collect in the holes and improve the survival of the mango trees. Don’t hold at the grafted section or above the grafted section. 3 Ps: Mantra for maximizing mango yield under high-density planting system Mango is the most important fruit crop of India in terms of acreage, genetic diver-sity, consumers’ preference and market potential. We investigated the effect of planting density on soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) In mango three different methods of high density planting viz., low density, moderate density and high density planting are followed. Remove the polythene bag or tube around the roots of seedlings by tearing it on the side or underneath while holding the grafted mango tree seedling upright. Unfortunately, they tend to be costly and there is just so many mangoes that your little grocery budget can allow. Do proper soil preparation and install an irrigation system on the orchard before you plant the young mango seedlings. The rectangular system of planting/layout is preferred as it facilitates orchard operations. Fill the planting hole with water and allow the water to drain to off before you fill the whole hole with the soil. Each plant was allowed to maintain single stem (main stem) in February 1977 having upward growth and the top of the main stem was removed by cutting out at … For lighter soils row spacing of 10m and tree spacings of 5m are recommended. The mango spacing should be 10m by 10m in dry zones and 12m by 12m in wet zones. Optimised and recommended region-specific and variety-specific planting density for crops such as banana, Citrus, grapes, guava, papaya and sapota, besides recommending high-density planting and planting systems—for example, the double hedge row system of planting in guava, mango and litchi. One effective way to keep the weeds away is mulching the trunk of the mango trees using organic materials such as compost. 4 0 obj When planting the mango seedlings, you can cut the leaves in order to minimize the total surface area of the leaf. Make sure you do all these steps without removing the soils that is around the roots of the seedling or even bending the roots. The three trials comprise a variety of four ‘best-bet’, intensive mango orchard systems including high-density and trellis designs, planted using the current commercial mango varieties Kensington Pride (KP) and R2E2, and two new mango varieties NMBP1243 and NMBP4069. What factors should you look for when selecting the right mango seedlings to plant? Because of the open canopy of Keitt, light penetration and fruit colour is not a problem at higher densities. Should you intercrop your mango plants with other crops? At this stage, fruit formation is generally discouraged as it may hinder further growth of the fruit tree. Abstract . The important mango producing states are Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, The tree attains a maximum height of 15 to 30 m. The trees are branched and form a canopy, depending on their variety. This will increase their chances of survival. }[�_��^�O���k�~�������}��. In the subsequent weeks, you can water the mango trees at least once or twice a week. In according to the climatic conditions, lots of mangoes type are present in the world. In India, mangoes account for 40% of the country’s total fruit exports from the country. the low density orchards of vigorous cultivar. Mango exhibits a wide variation in flowering and fruiting habit due to varietal differences and diversity in agro-climatic conditions. <> You can also cap the seedlings so as to encourage the development of the side branches. MANAGEMENT IN MANGO. The watering is done to prevent the seedlings from drying up during the transportation. Planting grafted mangoes is the most ideal way to go about if you are planning your planting. High Density Planting is a method of densely planting plant with plant population more than the optimum to get higher productivity in terms of quality and yield by manipulating the tree architecture and planting systems such as use of dwarfing rootstock, interstocks, scions, spurs; intensive use of growth regulators, training and pruning, cultural practices and reducing the spacing. All this is first hand expereince from a Horticulturist and a Food technologist supplemented by 2 generations of Fruit growing expereince. Generally about 60 mango saplings can be planted in one acre of orchard area. There are certain mango varieties that can withstand lower storage temperatures such as 10 degree Celsius. Try to control the height of the mango tree at about 3.5m and ensure that you have pruned all the tree branches that are at the knee level. %PDF-1.5 This is because in these zones, the vegetative growth is generally limited. It can be best done during the dry season. Of late, high-tech horticulture known as high density planting (HDP), has come into vogue, which is capable of removing the limitations of mango productivity in the India. The spacing between the grafted mango trees varies depending on the variety that you are planting and the growing climate or environment. Currently, India is the largest mango producer in the world, accounting for 60% of the total mango output. Kesar. It prefers slightly acidic soils (pH 5.5 to 7.5) 3.3 Varieties Though there are nearly 1000 varieties of mango in India, only following varieties are grown in <> Then gently press towards the root of the seedlings. The planting time for mangoes varies from country to country. Plant spacing varies between 1.5-6 m in the row and 6-8 m between rows (238-1111 trees/hectare). Next. To establish a healthy and productive mango orchard, you must do adequate planning and preparation. If the trees are grown up, you can water them at intervals of 10 to 15 days from the time of the fruit set to maturity. <>/XObject<>/ExtGState<>/Pattern<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 15 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> During this time, the mango will yield between 20 and 30 fruits (2 to 3kg) per tree. Your grafted mangoes will only do well when grown in the most suitable environmental conditions. The planting distance depends upon nature/vigour of the variety and the rootstock used. This limits the potential for high density plantings with current technology. Plant density. Project Unnati is a unique partnership with farmers to demonstrate and enable adoption of Ultra-High Density Plantation (UHDP) practice for mangoes. They should also have adequate water during the first few months. Pruning should also be done after fruit harvest. High Density Planting In Mango Ultra high density plantation farming technique has been developed by JISL with the help of its scientists and agronomists. 1). The holes should have a depth of 1m, a width of 1m and a length of 1m. The model spacing scheme for mango farming is 8m by 8m with a total population of 63 mango plants in an acre is generally considered. )��G{X5��Us$f��hS`�%㴉� uT�f�|T�ؤm��K������3��z�3i"v1 It is dwarf, regular bearing and late maturing variety. MEDIUM DENSITY PLANTING IN MANGO (Semi-intensive system) ¾An important approach for improving productivity; high economic returns per unit area ¾System permits maximum utilization of land, water, nutrients and solar energy ¾Conventionally, mango is planted at 10 x 10m (100 trees hectare‐1); medium density planting (MDP) accommodates 400 trees per … Doing this in spring allows the trees to withstand the summer heat and the cold winter temperatures. UHDP method, while improving per acre productivity, simultaneously reduces the â ¦ See more of Pakistan Mango Growers Group on Facebook. Newly planted mango seedlings are likely to suffer from sunburn in areas with high solar intensity. The basin will help trap or hold water after it rains or after watering the mango trees. Refill the hole with the top soil and then plant the mango seedlings deep enough so that their root balls are completely covered with the soil. In 2013, the Volcani Center was home to more than 10,000 mango trees. The seedlings that you select for planting should not show any signs of diseases or pests. In a dry zone, you can go for spacing of about 10m by 10m. The Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, popularly known as TNAU launched a 1.5 acre demonstration plot on Ultra High Density Planting or UHDP in Mango at the College Orchard of Horticultural College &Research Institute. The best of these have been mass propagated with vegetative means and well established and famous cultivars have been born in different regions of the world. Mango exhibits a wide variation in flowering and fruiting habit due to varietal differences and diversity in agro-climatic conditions. Performance of certain mango varieties and hybrids under high density planting in Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh Aparna Dhulipalla Abstract Studies were conducted at farmers field in Putrela village, Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh from 2010 to 2013 on 10 years old mango garden having cultivars like Baneshan, Totapuri, Suvernarekha, Alphonso, The mango kernel is also equally valuable and nutritious and contains between 8% to 10% high quality fat content which can be used in a variety of products such as soap. The Project will encourage sustainable, modern agricultural practices and help double the mango yield, thereby increasing the income of farmers. /annum and dry season. Seedlings can be destroyed during transportation so it is important to choose a suitable mode of transport that will preserve your seeds and reduce instances or seedling injuries or destruction. Mango can be grown in a wide range of soils except clayey or extremely sandy or rocky calcareous, alkaline or water logged soils. x��=ێ�F���|Y@Zx8�+�>�&N6�]�6N�}�5�Y3+q�u��TUw�͛H�($0F��bwuuݻ�yy�+�w�u��o�We�Z��7�/�o��}���C~���خ��~���G�}�*����g��`Qg:z���3%��E,�q&�T�XFo�?��*�tsw������~Y|��m��P�xy���r��;��t�u�^^0E��-~�U.6����B,�6��E��w���Ͼ �Ǧ�`�v�G��U�x4�I�E��e�R For proper tree maintenance, you can also carry out the pruning later on. The fresh mangoes along with mango pulp can also be exported to various countries as they have a very high demand in many countries where mangoes are not grown. In case the mango tree seedling was raised in a container or a tin , you can bang the tin gently and then remove the soil and the seedling from the tube or container by holding the seedling at the base of the stem. High density or block plantings will provide the orchard with a natural protection from the wind. You can apply fertilizers to your mango plants in split doses. The mangoes should also be “sun-hardened” before they are planted. The mango fruits will form on the ends of the branches so spacing them too closely together may end up severely limiting the fruit formation process in mature trees as a result of the shading. The high density planting cannot be adopted in very steep, unfertile, shallow and drought prone areas. The fruit trees generally require very little maintenance once they have been planted and have started to fruit. %���� This will ensure that the remaining trees are 10m apart forming a triangle. This will encourage the plant to begin flowering and fruiting. You must also make sure that you assemble all the required materials that will be needed for the mango planting including water, watering can, a spade, hoe and manure or fertilizer. 13:37. • This yield can further be improved in alternate bearing cultivars like Dashehari , Chausa and Bombay Green through the application of growth retardant like Paclobutrazol. Mango farming is quite popular and profitable. The distribution of rainfall is more important than its amount. Apples. You can steadily increase the amount of fertilizer applied as the tree grows bigger and bigger. You can also apply well-decomposed manure on the mango plants every year along with micronutrients based on the requirements in the form of foliar sprays. Planting densities for Palmer are generally higher than for Kensington Pride and R2E2. You can build a small fence around the mango trees using sticks, a piece of net or small wire fences around the planted tree. 3 0 obj All the dead branches in the mango fruit tree should be removed so as to allow sunshine to pass through the canopies to the ground. After you have done the planting, it is advisable to spread some mulching, bagasse, leaf litter or composted manure around the base of the mango trees. In the next article, we will talk about how to take care of a baby mango tree in order to boost their chances of survival and get good yields from your mango trees. Apart from commercial fertilizers, you can also use compost or farm yard manure or mulching to replenish the mango trees with nutrients. All these were prepared for high-yielding mango fruit production. In the hotter areas, you should cover the tree bases with natural mulch so as to minimize heat absorption. Plant population under different planting systems S. No. Maintaining mango under high density requires heavy ... often affects terminal flowering and subsequent inhibits yield efficiency. the varieties like Keser, Totapuri and Baiganpalli are also preferred for commercial cultivation. A grafted mango tree has a productive age of 40 to 50 years. Mangos require spacing of 6m to 10m so depending on the number of seedlings that you are planning to plant, you need to carefully factor in the space requirements when planting your seedlings. When watering, make sure your flood the area around the trunk of the mango tree. After that duration, the yield starts to decline. A field experiment was conducted to study the performance of different varieties of mango under high density planting during the year 2017-18 at Department of Fruit Science, Kittur Rani Channamma College of Horticulture, Arabhavi, University of Horticulture Sciences, Bagalkot. When spacing your grafted mango trees, try to think of the possible size of the canopy at its peak as well as the fertility of the soil where you are planting your mango seedlings. However, if plant seeding trees, they may take up to 10 years before they begin bearing fruits. In case you have established your mango trees on trickle irrigation, you can use black polythene mulch in order to minimize the water requirements and control the weeds that might grow on the bases of the mango seedlings. Not only do the grafted fruits perform way better, you also have the opportunity to choose from a great selection of sweet and aromatic fruits that you can plant. Note: The mulch should not touch the trunks of the transplanted mango seedlings in order to reduce the risk of diseases. Cultivation practices for Ultra High Density Mango Plantation Lets talk about the cultivation practices for Ultra High Density mango plantation. Membership Form Mango. It has become a commercial practice in Konkan region of Maharashtra. Higher densities can be used, though you will need to control tree size. The variety is suitable for high density planting as about 1600 plants may be planted in a hectare. What are some of the management measures that you should undertake after planting your grafted mango seedlings? Mallika: It is from a cross of Neelum and Dashehari. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU) has established a 1.5 acre demonstration plot for Ultra High Density Planting (UHDP) of mango in the College … In our mango farming manual and subsequent articles, we will offer you a guideline on how to train grafted mangoes. Before flowering, it is recommended that you do foliar applications of 3% urea where the soil is sandy.